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Report on government work (transcript)
[ Author: Chinese government network Release time: 2020-05-29 08:44 Source: Chinese government network ]

Report on government work (transcript)

May 22, 2020 at the third session of the Thirteenth National People's Congress

Premier Li Keqiang of the State Council

(live broadcast)


Now, on behalf of the State Council, I would like to report to the General Assembly on the work of the government, please consider it, and invite members of the CPPCC National Committee to put forward their opinions.

The new crown pneumonia epidemic is the most common public health event in China since the founding of new China. Under the firm leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, after the hard work and sacrifice of the whole nation and the masses of the people, we have achieved major strategic results in the prevention and control of the epidemic. At present, the epidemic is not yet over, and the development task is extremely arduous. Efforts should be made to minimize the losses caused by the epidemic and strive to accomplish the goals of this year's economic and social development goals.

Review of work in 2019 and this year

Last year, China's development was faced with many difficulties and challenges. The world economic growth is low, the international economic and trade frictions are aggravating, and the domestic economic downward pressure is increasing. The Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core united and led the people of all nationalities in the country to tackle difficulties and accomplish the main tasks of the year, laying a decisive foundation for building a well-off society in an all-round way.

The economic operation is generally stable. GDP reached 99 trillion and 100 billion yuan, an increase of 6.1%. There are 13 million 520 thousand new jobs in cities and towns, and the unemployment rate is below 5.3%. Consumer prices rose by 2.9%. Balance of payments is basically balanced.

- economic structure and regional layout continue to be optimized. The total retail sales of consumer goods exceed 40 trillion yuan, and consumption continues to play a major role in stimulating consumption. Advanced manufacturing and modern service industries have increased rapidly. Grain output is maintained at more than 1 trillion and 300 billion jin. The urbanization rate of permanent residents exceeded 60% for the first time, and the major regional strategy was implemented in depth.

- new development momentum continues to grow. Great achievements have been made in scientific and technological innovation. New industries continue to grow and traditional industries accelerate. Public entrepreneurship and innovation have been carried out in depth. The number of enterprises has increased by more than 10 thousand daily.

- important steps have been taken in reform and opening up. The structural reforms on the supply side continued to deepen and new breakthroughs were made in important areas of reform. Tax reduction and fee reduction were 2 trillion and 360 billion yuan, exceeding the original scale of nearly 2 trillion yuan, and manufacturing and small and micro enterprises benefited most. The task of reforming government organs is complete. The reform of "pipe laying service" has been deepened. Set up a scientific creation board. We have made new achievements in building the "one belt and one road". The regulations on the implementation of foreign investment law have been promulgated, and a new Shanghai free trade zone has been set up. Foreign trade and foreign investment remained stable.

- three crucial progress has been made. The rural poor population has decreased by 11 million 90 thousand, and the incidence of poverty has dropped to 0.6%. Pollution prevention and control continued to advance, the main pollutants emissions continued to decline, the overall improvement of the ecological environment. Financial operation is generally stable.

- further improvement of people's livelihood. The per capita disposable income of residents is more than 30 thousand yuan. The level of basic old-age care, medical care and subsistence allowances has been raised. The construction of urban affordable housing and the transformation of dangerous buildings in rural areas have been further promoted. The number of students living subsidy for compulsory education increased by nearly 40%, and the enrollment of higher vocational colleges was 1 million.

We wish Chongqing the 70th anniversary founding of People's Republic of China, greatly arouse the patriotic enthusiasm of the people of all ethnic groups in China and bring together a great force to win the great victory of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era.

We should strengthen the building of a clean and honest government and carry out the theme education of "never forget our minds and remember our mission". We must strictly implement the spirit of the eight provisions of the Central Committee, continue to rectify the "four winds" and relax the burden on the grassroots.

The great power diplomacy with Chinese characteristics is fruitful. President Xi Jinping and other party and state leaders visited many countries to attend the summit of leaders of the group of twenty, the leaders of the BRICs, the summit of the Shanghai cooperation organization, the summit of East Asian Cooperation leaders, the leaders meeting of China and Europe, the leaders meeting of China, Japan and South Korea, and so on. Second Big activity. Actively participate in the construction and reform of the global governance system, and promote the construction of a community of human destiny. Economic diplomacy and cultural exchanges have been fruitful. China has made important contributions to the promotion of world peace and development.


After the outbreak of the new crown pneumonia, the Party Central Committee took the epidemic prevention and control as the top priority. General Secretary Xi Jinping personally commanded and deployed himself, insisting on putting the people's life safety and health in the first place. Under the leadership of the Party Central Committee, the central leading group of epidemic prevention work should timely study and deploy, the central steering group should strengthen guidance and supervision, the State Council's joint defense and joint control mechanism should be coordinated and coordinated, all regions and departments should perform their duties conscientious, and all sectors of society fully support the people's war, general war and blocking war on epidemic prevention and control. The vast numbers of medical personnel fought bravely, the people's Liberation Army's officers and men took the heavy burden, the scientific and technological workers worked hard together, the community workers, police officers, grass-roots cadres, journalists and volunteers stood at their posts, couriers, sanitation and anti epidemic materials transportation workers took pains, and hundreds of millions of ordinary laborers gave their silent devotion. The people of Wuhan, the people of Hubei, and all sectors of the society. Compatriots from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan and overseas Chinese. The children of China, together with each other, have built a towering the Great Wall against the epidemic.

In the prevention and control of epidemic situation, we should grasp the following tasks in accordance with the general requirements of firm confidence, joint efforts, scientific prevention and control and precise implementation. In a timely manner, emergency measures should be taken to carry out the management of class A infectious diseases for new crown pneumonia, and the major public health emergencies should be launched at all levels. We must resolutely win the battle of Wuhan and Hubei and achieve decisive results. Through resolute implementation of strict control measures, we will support the whole nation by providing the support of the whole nation, dispatching over 40 thousand medical personnel to rush to the rescue, expanding the beds for treatment, giving priority to the protection of medical supplies, constantly optimizing the diagnosis and treatment plan, firmly combining Chinese and Western medicine, and treating the patients with all their strength to maximize the cure rate and reduce the mortality rate. We should extend the national holiday of the Spring Festival, postpone the start of school, flexibly return to work, travel on peak trips, adhere to group prevention and group control, adhere to the "four early", firmly control the source of infection, and effectively curb the spread of the epidemic. We will strengthen the research and development of drugs, vaccines and testing agents. The rapid expansion of medical materials production, a substantial increase in a short period of time, do a good job of ensuring that the daily necessities for stable prices, to ensure the smooth traffic arteries and coal, electricity, oil and gas supply. In response to changes in the epidemic, timely normalization of prevention and control. In view of the spread of outbreaks of foreign diseases, we should promptly build an external defense input system and strengthen care and care for our citizens abroad. We should actively carry out international cooperation and, in an open, transparent and responsible manner, inform the epidemic information promptly, take the initiative to share the epidemic prevention techniques and practices, and help each other and jointly fight epidemics.

For a developing country with a population of 1 billion 400 million, it is very difficult and difficult to control the epidemic situation in a relatively short time and ensure the basic livelihood of the people. We also pay a huge price, the negative economic growth in the first quarter, the impact of production and life order, but the supremacy of life. This is a price that must be borne and worth paying. We should co-ordinate efforts to promote epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development. We should seize the opportunity to promote resumption and resumption of production. We will launch 90 policy measures in 8 areas. We will help stabilize the posts and reduce some tax and fees. The special local government bonds should be issued in advance according to the procedures. Do not mistake farming for spring ploughing. Unremitting efforts to tackle poverty. The first line of relief and the assistance of the displaced persons were issued to raise the temporary subsidy standard by 1 times. These policies have benefited hundreds of millions of people, timely and effectively promoted the stable supply of prices and resumed production. China's economy has shown strong resilience and great potential.


Since last year, the achievements in economic and social development and epidemic prevention and control this year are the result of the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core. It is the result of scientific guidance of Xi Jinping's socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics in the new era, and is the result of the struggle of the whole Party and army and the people's Association of all ethnic groups. On behalf of the State Council, I would like to express my sincere thanks to all the people of all ethnic groups and to all the democratic parties, people's organizations and people from all walks of life. I would like to express my sincere thanks to the compatriots in the Hongkong Special Administrative Region, Macao compatriots, Taiwan compatriots and overseas Chinese. I would like to express my sincere thanks to all the governments, international organizations and friends from various countries who care about China's modernization drive and fight against the epidemic.

While affirming our achievements, we are also soberly aware of the difficulties and problems we face. Affected by the global epidemic, the world economy has been seriously slump, the supply chain of the industry chain has been blocked, international trade and investment have shrunk, and the commodity market has been turbulent. Domestic consumption, investment and exports declined, and employment pressure increased significantly. Difficulties faced by enterprises, especially small and micro enterprises, were highlighted. Risks in financial areas had been accumulated, and the contradiction between revenue and expenditure at the grass-roots level has intensified. Government work is insufficient, formalism and bureaucracy are still prominent. Corruption is frequent in some areas. In the epidemic prevention and control, public health emergency management has exposed many weak links, and there are still some opinions and suggestions that the masses should attach importance to. We must work hard to improve our work, fulfill our duties conscientiously and do our best to live up to the expectations of the people.

Two, the main objective of this year's development and the overall deployment of the next stage of work.

      To do a good job in this year's government, we must, guided by Comrade Xi Jinping's strong leadership under the leadership of the CPC Central Committee, take the socialist ideology of socialism with Chinese characteristics under the guidance of Xi Jinping's new era, fully implement the spirit of the nineteen and nineteen sessions of the second, third and fourth plenary sessions of the party, and resolutely implement the party's basic theory, basic line and basic strategy, enhance the "Four Consciousnesses" and strengthen the "four self confidence". To achieve the goal of "two maintenance", focus on the goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way, coordinate the work of epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, and adhere to the general keynote of keeping steady in the process of normalization of epidemic prevention and control, adhere to the new development concept, adhere to the structural reform of supply side as the main line, adhere to the reform and opening up as the driving force to promote high quality development, and resolutely tackle three major challenges. We should strengthen the work of "six stability", ensure the employment of the residents, protect the basic livelihood of the people, protect the market players, ensure the safety of grain and energy, ensure the stability of the supply chain of the industrial chain, ensure the operation of the grass-roots units, firmly implement the strategy of expanding domestic demand, safeguard the overall situation of economic development and social stability, and ensure the completion of the decisive task of fighting the decisive battle and the goal of tackling poverty and tackling poverty, and building a well-off society in an all-round way.

At present and in the coming period, China's development is facing unprecedented risks and challenges. But we have unique political and institutional advantages, strong economic foundation, huge market potential, and hundreds of millions of people are industrious and intelligent. As long as we face challenges directly, firmly develop confidence and enhance the driving force for development, and maintain and make good use of the important strategic opportunities for China's development, the current difficulties will surely go through, and China's development will surely be full of hope.

On the basis of comprehensive assessment of the situation, we have made appropriate adjustments to the expected targets before the epidemic. This year we must give priority to steady employment and ensure people's livelihood, resolutely win the battle against poverty and strive to achieve the goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way. More than 9 million new employees are employed in cities and towns, the unemployment rate in urban areas is about 6%, the registered unemployment rate in cities and towns is around 5.5%, the consumer price rises by about 3.5%, the import and export promotes stability and quality, the balance of international payments is basically balanced, and the growth of residents' income is basically the same as economic growth. Step by step; under the current standard, all the rural poor people are lifted out of poverty and all the poor counties have removed their cap; effective financial risk prevention and control; the gross domestic product energy consumption and the emissions of major pollutants continue to decline, and strive to accomplish the goal of the 13th Five-Year plan.

What needs to be explained is that we have not put forward specific targets for the whole year's economic growth. The main reason is that because of the uncertainty of the global epidemic and the economic and trade situation, China's development is faced with some unforeseen factors. Doing so is conducive to guiding all aspects to concentrate on "six stability" and "six guarantees". "Six guarantees" is the focal point of this year's "six stability" work. Keeping the bottom line of the "six guarantees" can stabilize the basic economic market, and consolidate the foundation for building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way. We should see that whether it is to maintain employment and people's livelihood, to achieve the goal of poverty alleviation, or to prevent and defuse risks, we must support economic growth and stabilize the economic operation. We should use reform and opening up measures to stabilize employment, protect people's livelihood, promote consumption, stimulate the market and steady growth, and step out a new way to effectively respond to shocks and achieve a virtuous circle.

Positive fiscal policy should be more positive and promising. This year, the deficit rate will be arranged by more than 3.6%, and the fiscal deficit will increase by 1 trillion yuan over last year. At the same time, it will issue 1 trillion yuan special anti epidemic national debt. This is a special measure in the special period. The above 2 trillion yuan is transferred to the local authorities to establish a special transfer payment mechanism. The funds go directly to the urban and rural grass-roots units, directly benefit the enterprises and benefit the people. They are mainly used for protecting employment, protecting basic livelihood and protecting the market players, including supporting tax reduction, reducing fees, reducing rent and interest rates, expanding consumption and investment, etc., and strengthening public financial attributes, and no interception and misappropriation are allowed. We must vigorously optimize the structure of fiscal expenditure, increase the basic livelihood expenditure only, ensure that expenditure in key areas should be effectively protected, and general expenditures must be firmly reduced. Governments at all levels must really tighten their belts. The central government should take the lead in arranging negative growth in expenditure at the central level, with non urgent need to reduce more than 50% of non rigid expenditure. All kinds of balances and precipitation funds should be collected and rearranged. We must vigorously improve quality and efficiency, and make sure that every expenditure must be carefully calculated. We must use every sum of money in the cutting edge and the key points. We must let the market players and people have genuine feelings.

Prudent monetary policy should be more flexible and moderate. Comprehensive use of quasi cut interest rates, refinancing and other means to guide the broad money supply and social financing scale growth is obviously higher than last year. Maintain the RMB exchange rate basically stable at a reasonable and balanced level. We must innovate the monetary policy tools that go directly to the real economy, and make sure that enterprises facilitate access to loans and drive interest rates to continue downward.

Employment priority policy should be comprehensively strengthened. Fiscal, monetary and investment policies should be cohesive to support steady employment. Efforts should be made to stabilize existing employment, actively increase new employment and promote the re employment of the unemployed. All localities must clear up the unreasonable restrictions on employment and promote employment initiatives.

Poverty alleviation is a hard task that must be completed in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects. We must adhere to the current poverty eradication standard, strengthen the implementation of poverty alleviation measures, ensure that all the remaining poor are lifted out of poverty, and improve and implement the mechanism of helping the poor population monitoring and helping to consolidate the results of poverty alleviation. We need to fight the blue sky, clear water and clean land to achieve the goal of pollution control. We must strengthen the prevention and control of major risks and firmly defend the bottom line of systemic risk.

This year has passed nearly 5 months. The next stage is to relax the normalization of epidemic prevention and control, and to do a good job in all aspects of economic and social development. The policies adopted are not only dynamic but also sustainable. According to the changing situation, we have the ability to accomplish the goals and objectives of the year.

Three, intensify the implementation of macroeconomic policies, and focus on stabilizing enterprises and ensuring employment.

To protect employment and people's livelihood, we must stabilize hundreds of millions of market players and try our best to help enterprises, especially small and medium enterprises, and individual businesses to tide over difficulties.

We should increase tax reduction and tax reduction efforts. We should strengthen the phased policy, combine with institutional arrangements, and cultivate fish in water supply to help the market players to ease their development. This year, we will continue to implement the system of reducing the VAT rate and the enterprise pension insurance rate, and the new tax reduction will be reduced by about 500 billion yuan. The policy of reducing taxes and lowering taxes before June, including the exemption from small and micro enterprises' pension, unemployment and work-related injury insurance units, will be deducted. The vat of small-scale taxpayers will be reduced and exempt from value-added tax such as public transport, catering, accommodation, tourism, entertainment, culture and sports. The Civil Aviation Development Fund and port construction fee will be waiver and the implementation period will be extended to the end of this year. The income tax payment for small and micro enterprises and individual industrial and commercial households will be postponed until next year. It is estimated that more than 2 trillion and 500 billion yuan will be added to enterprises over the whole year. We must resolutely reduce the tax and fee reduction policy to enterprises, stay green mountains and win the future.

Promote the reduction of production and operation costs. The 5% policy of reducing electricity and electricity prices is extended to the end of this year. The average tariff for broadband and private lines is reduced by 15%. To reduce the rent of state-owned property, encourage all kinds of owners to reduce or slow down the rent, and provide policy support. Resolutely punish illegal fees related to enterprises.

Strengthen financial support for stable enterprises. Loans for small and medium enterprises will be extended until the end of March next year. Loans for Pratt & Whitney small and micro enterprises should be postponed. Negotiations on loans for other difficult enterprises will be postponed. Banks are encouraged to substantially increase credit and initial loans for small and micro enterprises. Substantially expand the coverage of government financing guarantees and significantly reduce rates. The growth rate of small and micro enterprises in large commercial banks is higher than 40%. Support enterprises to expand bond financing. We should strengthen supervision and prevent the "idle" arbitrage of funds. Financial institutions and enterprises have a common prosperity and encourage banks to make profits. In order to protect the market players, the availability of loans for small and micro enterprises must be improved significantly, and the cost of comprehensive financing must be significantly reduced.

We should do everything possible to stabilize and expand employment. We should strengthen employment support for key industries and key groups. This year, 8 million 740 thousand graduates from colleges and universities have to promote market-oriented socialization, and universities and local governments should provide continuous employment services. Do well the employment security of veterans. We should implement the policy of providing equal employment service for migrant workers in the employment area. Helping the disabled, the zero employment families and other difficult groups. There are hundreds of millions of flexible employees in China, including odd jobs. This year, the policy of voluntary remission of social insurance premiums is implemented for low-income earners, and all administrative and professional fees related to employment are abolished. With the aid of training and stability, more than 35 million vocational skills training has been completed in the next two years, and 2 million people have been enrolled in higher vocational colleges.

Four, rely on reform to stimulate the vitality of market players and enhance the development of new kinetic energy.

The greater the difficulties and challenges, the more we need to deepen reform, break through the obstacles of institutional mechanisms, and stimulate the driving force of endogenous development.

We should deepen the reform of "pipe laying service". Under normal prevention and control of epidemic situation, we should adjust measures and simplify procedures, so as to promote comprehensive recovery and recovery. We should promote more services and make the whole process online. We should relax restrictions on small and micro businesses and individual businesses to register operating places, facilitate the registration and operation of all kinds of entrepreneurs, and enjoy timely support policies. Support the development of large and medium-sized enterprises. We should maintain fair competition with fair supervision and continue to create a market oriented, rule of law and internationalized business environment.

Reform of the market allocation of propulsion elements. Promote small and medium-sized banks to replenish capital and improve governance, and better serve small and medium enterprises. Reform the gem and pilot registration system. Strengthen insurance protection function. The provincial government's construction land is granted greater autonomy. Promote the flow of talents, foster technology and data markets, and activate the potential of all kinds of elements.

We will enhance the effectiveness of state owned enterprises reform. Three years of implementation of the reform of state-owned enterprises. We should improve the supervision system of state assets and deepen the reform of mixed ownership. Basically, we should complete social functions and solve historical problems. State owned enterprises should focus on the main responsibility, improve the market-oriented operation mechanism and enhance the core competitiveness.

Optimize the development environment of private economy. To guarantee the equal access to production factors and policy support for private enterprises, and to clean up and abolish unreasonable provisions linked to the nature of enterprises. The government should pay for private and small and medium-sized enterprises in arrears. We should build a relationship between the Qing Dynasty and the Qing government and promote the healthy development of the non-public sector of the economy.

Promote the upgrading of manufacturing industry and the development of new industries. A substantial increase in the manufacturing sector's medium and long-term loans. Develop industrial Internet and promote intelligent manufacturing. The new formats of e-commerce, online shopping and online services have played an important role in the fight against epidemic diseases. We should continue to introduce support policies, comprehensively promote the "Internet +", and create a new advantage in the digital economy.

Improve the support capability of scientific and technological innovation. Stable support for basic research and applied basic research, and guide enterprises to increase R & D investment. We should speed up the construction of national laboratories, reorganize the national key laboratory system and develop social R & D institutions. Deepening international cooperation in science and technology. Strengthening intellectual property protection. Carry out key projects tackling key issues, "who will be able to do so?"

We will further promote public entrepreneurship and innovation. We should develop venture capital and increase business guarantee loans. We will deepen the new round of comprehensive innovation and reform experiments, set up a number of double creation demonstration bases, adhere to inclusive and prudential supervision, develop platform economy, share the economy and stimulate social creativity.

Five, implement the strategy of expanding domestic demand and accelerate the transformation of the mode of economic development.

Our domestic demand is huge. We should deepen structural reform of supply side and highlight the orientation of people's livelihood, so as to effectively combine consumption and expand investment and promote each other.

Promote consumption recovery. Through steady employment, we can increase income and protect people's livelihood, and improve residents' Consumption Willingness and ability. Support the recovery and development of catering, shopping malls, culture, tourism, home economics and other life service industries, and promote online and offline integration. The development of old age and child care services. Transformation and upgrading of pedestrian street. Support e-commerce, express into rural areas, expand rural consumption. We should take measures to expand consumption and meet the diversified needs of the masses.

Expand effective investment. This year, local government bonds will be allocated 3 trillion and 750 billion yuan, an increase of 1 trillion and 600 billion yuan over last year, raising the proportion of special bonds available for project capital, and the investment in the central budget is 600 billion yuan. The key support for the "two new and heavy" construction that promotes consumption and people's livelihood and structural adjustment is to strengthen the construction of new infrastructure, develop a new generation of information network, expand 5G applications, build charging piles, promote new energy vehicles, stimulate new consumer demand and help upgrade industries. We should strengthen the construction of new urbanization, and vigorously enhance the public facilities and service capabilities of counties, so as to meet the increasing demands of farmers to get jobs in counties. 39 thousand new towns and towns are newly built and renovated, supporting the installation of elevators, the development of meals, cleaning and other diverse community services. We should strengthen transportation, water conservancy and other major projects. The national railway construction capital will be increased by 100 billion yuan. We should improve the mechanism of market-oriented investment and financing and support the equal participation of private enterprises. It is necessary to optimize projects without sequelae, so that investment can continue to bring benefits into full play.

We will further promote new urbanization. We should give full play to the comprehensive driving role of central cities and urban agglomerations, cultivate industries and increase employment. Stick to the house is used to live, not for the purpose of frying, because of the implementation of the city strategy, promote the steady and healthy development of the real estate market. We should improve the convenience facilities and make the city more livable and livable.

Accelerate the implementation of regional development strategy. We will continue to promote the development of the western region, the comprehensive revitalization of the northeast, the rise of the central region and the first development of the East. We will further promote the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, the construction of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, and the integration of Yangtze River Delta. We should promote the protection of the Yangtze River economic belt. Compiling the outline of ecological protection and high quality development plan for the Yellow River River Basin. To promote the construction of Shuangcheng economic circle in Chengdu Chongqing region. We will accelerate the development of old revolutionary base areas, ethnic minority areas, border areas and poverty-stricken areas. Developing marine economy.

We will implement a package of policies to support Hubei's development, support employment, protect people's livelihood and ensure the full recovery of economic and social order.

Improve the effectiveness of ecological environment management. We should stress pollution control according to law, science and precision. We will deepen tackling key problems in air pollution control in key areas. We should strengthen the construction of sewage and garbage disposal facilities. Accelerate the relocation and transformation of hazardous chemicals production enterprises. Expand energy conservation and environmental protection industry. Severely punish illegal hunting and trading of wild animals. Implementation of important ecosystems to protect and repair major projects, and promote the construction of ecological civilization.

Ensuring energy security. Promote clean and efficient utilization of coal, develop renewable energy, improve oil, natural gas and electricity production and supply and marketing system, and enhance energy reserve capacity.

Six, ensure the goal of tackling poverty and promote agricultural harvest and increase farmers' income.

We should implement poverty alleviation and Rural Revitalization measures to ensure the supply of important agricultural products and raise the standard of living of farmers.

We must resolutely win the battle against poverty. Efforts should be made to strengthen the efforts of the poverty-stricken poor counties and poor villages, and to work outside the workforce. We should carry out consumer poverty alleviation initiatives to support the development of poverty alleviation industries. We will strengthen follow-up support for relocation of vulnerable areas. We should deepen cooperation between the East and the West in helping the poor and help the poor in the central units. Strengthen the guarantee of bottom up. Do a good job in tackling poverty. We should continue to push forward poverty alleviation and Rural Revitalization effectively, so as to help the poor to move towards prosperity.

We must concentrate our efforts on agricultural production. We should stabilize grain sown area and yield, raise the multiple cropping index, raise the minimum purchase price of rice, increase the reward of large grain producing counties, and vigorously prevent and control major pests and diseases. Punish illegal and illegal occupation of cultivated land and set up 80 million mu of high standard farmland. We will deepen rural reform. Restore pig production. Compacted "rice bag" governor responsibility system and "vegetable basket" Mayor responsibility system. 1 billion 400 million the Chinese rice bowl, we have the ability and must be firmly in their own hands.

Expand employment channels for farmers. Support farmers' employment and entrepreneurship in the near future, expand the scale of work relief, and let migrant workers return to work and earn income. Support the appropriate scale management entities and strengthen the socialization services of farmers. Increase investment in special bonds, support modern agricultural facilities, drinking water safety projects and human settlements improvement, and continuously improve the production and living conditions of farmers.

Seven, promote a higher level of opening to the outside world and stabilize foreign trade and foreign investment.

In the face of changes in the external environment, we must unswervingly expand opening up to the outside world, stabilize the supply chain of industrial chains, and promote reform and development by opening up.

We will promote basic stability in foreign trade. We should support enterprises to increase the employment of single stable jobs, increase credit delivery, expand the coverage of export credit insurance, reduce the compliance costs of import and export, and support the transformation of domestic exports of export products. Accelerate the development of new formats such as cross-border electricity providers, and enhance international freight capacity. Push forward a new round of service trade innovation and development pilot. We will organize the third annual fair to actively expand imports and develop a higher level market facing the world.

Active use of foreign capital. We will sharply reduce the negative list of foreign investment access and introduce a negative list of cross border trade in services. We should give greater autonomy to the FTA, accelerate the construction of free trade ports in Hainan, set up a pilot free trade zone and a comprehensive bonded zone in the central and western regions, and increase the comprehensive pilot project to expand the service sector. We should create a fair and fair market environment for domestic and foreign capital enterprises.

High quality build "one belt and one road" together. We must adhere to the principle of market share and international common rules, play the role of the main body of enterprises and carry out mutually beneficial cooperation. Guide the healthy development of foreign investment.

Promoting liberalization and facilitation of trade and investment. We must firmly uphold the multilateral trading system and actively participate in WTO reform. We will promote the signing of the regional comprehensive economic partnership agreement and push forward China Japan Korea free trade negotiations. We will jointly implement the first stage economic and trade agreement between China and the United States. China is committed to strengthening economic and trade cooperation with other countries so as to achieve mutual benefit and win-win results.

Eight, focus on ensuring and improving people's livelihood and promoting the reform and development of social undertakings.

In the face of difficulties, the bottom line of our basic livelihood must be firmly determined, and the concerns of the masses should be well managed.

Strengthening the construction of public health system. Adhere to the supremacy of life, reform the disease prevention and control system, improve the reporting and early warning system of infectious diseases, and insist on timely and open and transparent dissemination of epidemic information. We should make good use of the special anti epidemic national debt, increase investment in research and development of vaccines, drugs and rapid detection technology, increase epidemic prevention and treatment facilities, increase mobile laboratories, strengthen emergency material support, and strengthen grass-roots health and epidemic prevention. Carry out patriotic health campaign in depth. We should enhance the ability of prevention and control, resolutely prevent the rebound of the epidemic situation, and firmly guard the people's health.

Improve the level of basic medical services. Residents' medical insurance per capita financial subsidy standard increased by 30 yuan. Support the medical institutions affected by the epidemic. Promote the revitalization and development of Chinese medicine. We must strictly supervise food and drug safety and ensure safety.

Promote fair development and quality improvement of education. Orderly organization of primary and secondary education teaching and college entrance examination work. We should strengthen the construction of township boarding schools and county schools, run special education and continuing education, support and standardize private education, and help private kindergartens to relieve themselves. We will promote first-class universities and first-class disciplines. Expand the enrollment scale of colleges and universities for rural areas and poverty-stricken areas. We should optimize the input structure and let educational resources benefit all families and children, so that they can have a brighter future.

Increase the basic livelihood security. We should raise the basic pension for retirees and raise the minimum standard of basic old-age pensions for urban and rural residents. Nearly 300 million people in the country receive pensions and must be paid in full and on time. We should improve the system of preferential treatment and placement for ex servicemen. Do a good job in the death of employees on duty. We should expand the scope of unemployment insurance coverage, and extend unemployment insurance to migrant workers who are less than 1 years old. We should expand the scope of subsistence allowances, protect the urban and rural families and ensure that eligible urban unemployment and returning personnel can be included in the minimum allowances. Rescues should be implemented for those who suffer temporary difficulties due to disasters. To ensure the basic livelihood of all the needy people, ensuring the livelihood of the people will help more unemployed people to re employment and venture.

Enrich the spiritual and cultural life of the masses. Cultivate and Practice Socialist Core Values and develop philosophy, social sciences, press and publication, radio, film and television, cultural relics and other undertakings. We should strengthen public cultural services, organize the Winter Olympic Games and Paralympic Games in Beijing, advocate fitness for all, and make the whole society full of vitality and good progress.

Strengthening and innovating social governance. Improve community service function. Support the healthy development of social organizations, humanitarian assistance, volunteer service and charitable cause. Safeguarding the legitimate rights and interests of women, children, the elderly and disabled persons. We should improve the system of letters and visits, strengthen legal aid, and promptly solve the masses' reasonable demands. Carry out the seventh national census. Strengthening national security capacity building. We should crack down on all kinds of crimes according to law and build a safer China at a higher level.

Strengthen the responsibility of safety production. We should strengthen disaster prevention such as floods, fires, earthquakes, do well in meteorological services, and improve emergency rescue and disaster prevention and mitigation capabilities. Implementation of special rectification of production safety. We must resolutely curb serious accidents.


In the face of arduous and heavy tasks, governments at all levels should be highly conscious of their ideological and political actions and keep the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core in a high degree of consistency, implement the people centered development thought, implement the requirements of strict administration of the party in an all-round way, adhere to the administration according to law, adhere to the openness of political affairs and improve the governance capacity. It is necessary to accept the supervision of the same level people's Congress and its Standing Committee according to law, consciously accept the democratic supervision of the CPPCC and take the initiative to accept the supervision of the public and the public opinion. Strengthening audit supervision. We should give full play to the role of mass organizations such as trade unions, Communist Youth League and women's federations. The government staff should consciously accept law, supervision and people's supervision. We should strengthen the building of a clean government and resolutely punish corruption.

Governments at all levels should always adhere to the principle of seeking truth from facts, firmly grasp the basic national conditions of the primary stage of socialism, abide by objective laws, and proceed from reality in order to do well in their own affairs. We should vigorously rectify the "four winds" and release the hands and feet of the cadres at the grass-roots level from the constraints of formalism. We must firmly rely on the masses, respect the spirit of initiative at the grass-roots level, promote reform and opening up with greater efforts, stimulate social vitality, and unite the wisdom and strength of millions of people. This is the foundation for us to overcome all difficulties and challenges. The majority of cadres should stick to difficulties and work hard, and concentrate on developing and protecting people's livelihood. As long as we share the same hardships and struggles with the masses, the Chinese people's aspirations for a better life will surely come true.

This year, we should compile the "14th Five-Year plan" to open up a blueprint for the second hundred year goal.


We must uphold and improve the system of regional autonomy for ethnic minorities, support the accelerated development of ethnic minority and ethnic areas, and forge the awareness of the Chinese nation community. We will fully implement the party's basic principles of religious work and give full play to the positive role of religious circles and believers in promoting economic and social development. Overseas Chinese are worried about the motherland and an important bridge in the world of China Unicom. We should give full play to the unique advantages of the overseas Chinese and their families, and constantly enhance the cohesion of the Chinese people and create a brilliant future together.

Since last year, important progress has been made in the construction of national defense and the armed forces. The people's army has demonstrated the fine style of listening to the party's command, hearing and moving, and taking heavy responsibilities in epidemic prevention and control. We should thoroughly carry out Xi Jinping's thought of strengthening the army, thoroughly carry out the military strategy of the new era, adhere to the principles of building a political army, reforming the strong army, strengthening the army through science and technology, strengthening the army with talents, and running the army according to law. We must uphold the party's absolute leadership over the people's army and strictly implement the responsibility system of the chairman of the Military Commission. We must firmly safeguard national sovereignty, security and development interests. We should make good use of the army building and develop the "13th Five-Year plan" to carry out the tough battle, and work out the "14th Five-Year" plan for army building. We should deepen the reform of national defense and the armed forces, improve logistical and equipment support capabilities, and promote the development of national defense science and technology innovation. We should improve the national defense mobilization system and let the army, government, army and people unite as solid as possible.

We must comprehensively and accurately implement the policy of "one country, two systems", "Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong", "Macao people administering Australia" and a high degree of autonomy. We should establish and improve the legal system and implementation mechanism for safeguarding the national security in the Special Administrative Region, and implement the constitutional responsibility of the SAR government. We will support the development of the economy and improve people's livelihood in Hong Kong and Macao, better integrate into the overall development of the country and maintain the long-term prosperity and stability of Hongkong and Macao.

We must adhere to the policy of Taiwan and resolutely oppose and curb the "Taiwan independence" separatist act. We will improve institutional arrangements and policies and measures to promote cross-strait exchanges and cooperation, deepen cross-strait integration and development, and safeguard the well-being of Taiwan compatriots. We will unite Taiwan compatriots to oppose "Taiwan independence" and promote unity. We will surely create a bright future for national rejuvenation.

In response to global challenges such as public health crisis and severe economic recession, all countries should join hands in advancing. China will strengthen cooperation with other countries in promoting epidemic prevention, promote world economic stability, promote global governance, safeguard the international system based on the United Nations and the international order based on international law, and promote the construction of a community of human destiny. China is steadfastly taking the road of peaceful development and deepening friendly cooperation with other countries in opening wider to the outside world. China has always been an important force in promoting world peace, stability, development and prosperity.


The Chinese nation has never been afraid of difficulties and obstacles. The Chinese people have strong will and ability to overcome any challenge. We must unite more closely around the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and take the socialist ideology of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era of Xi Jinping as guidance, and strive to make progress in a difficult way. We should co-ordinate efforts to promote epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, and strive to accomplish the annual objectives and tasks so as to build China into a prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized and harmonious society. The Chinese dream of the beautiful socialist modern power and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation has been unremitting efforts.