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What are the contents of earthquake prevention and disaster reduction activities?
[ Author: Release time: 2016-03-23 16:22. Source: Kunming earthquake prevention and disaster reduction Bureau ]

1, what are earthquake prevention and disaster reduction activities?

Earthquake prevention and disaster reduction activities are the abbreviation for preventing and mitigating earthquake disaster activities. Earthquake prevention and disaster reduction activities are a systematic project involving the whole society. According to their work contents and timing characteristics, they can be divided into four parts: earthquake monitoring and prediction, earthquake disaster prevention, earthquake emergency rescue, post earthquake recovery and reconstruction.

2, what is the guideline for earthquake prevention and disaster reduction in China?

China's policy of earthquake prevention and disaster reduction is mainly based on prevention, combining defense with aid.

3, what are the main tasks of earthquake prevention and disaster reduction?

The main tasks of earthquake preparedness and disaster reduction in China can be summarized as establishing and improving the three major working systems of "pre prevention, prevention and rescue", that is, to further improve the earthquake monitoring and forecasting system based on experts and specialized groups, and establish a strict and unremitting work system for earthquake disaster prevention, and establish an earthquake emergency rescue system with quick response and strong assault.

4, what are the important measures to prevent and mitigate earthquake disasters? What are the main ways to mitigate earthquake disasters?

Earthquake disaster is mainly caused by the destruction of engineering structures, which is also an important cause of casualties. Therefore, strengthening engineering structure seismic fortification and improving engineering structure seismic capacity is an important means of disaster reduction. It is an important non engineering disaster reduction measure to establish and improve laws and regulations for earthquake preparedness and disaster reduction, compile plans for earthquake preparedness and disaster reduction, formulate earthquake emergency plans, and carry out extensive publicity and education for earthquake prevention and disaster reduction.

There are three main ways to mitigate earthquake disasters: first, to strengthen earthquake monitoring, to carry out earthquake prediction research at different time scales, to make early warning before earthquakes; two, to strengthen the seismic fortification of construction projects, and to enhance the anti-seismic capability of all kinds of construction projects; three, to formulate earthquake emergency plans, and to make preparations for disaster relief in terms of manpower, material resources and financial resources, so as to improve post disaster rescue and disaster relief capabilities. Power. In addition, we should strengthen the popularization and education of earthquake science and enhance public awareness of earthquake prevention and disaster reduction.

5, is there any special law for regulating the work of earthquake prevention and disaster reduction in China?

Yes. The twenty-ninth session of the Standing Committee of the Eighth National People's Congress deliberated and passed the "law of the People's Republic of China on earthquake prevention and disaster reduction" on December 29, 1997. It was promulgated by the Presidential Decree No. ninety-fourth and implemented on March 1, 1998. This is the first law in China that standardizes the work of earthquake prevention and disaster reduction. It marks the cause of earthquake prevention and disaster reduction in China.

6, what are the basic principles of the law of earthquake prevention and disaster reduction?

The basic principles of the law on earthquake prevention and disaster reduction are: the principle of coordinated development with the economy and society, the principle of scientific progress, the principle of strengthening the leadership of the government, the principle of division of responsibilities among the functional departments of the government, and the principle of active participation of the public.

7, what are the main basic legal systems in the earthquake prevention and disaster reduction law?

The earthquake prevention and disaster reduction law mainly established the key monitoring and defense area system, the classified management system for earthquake monitoring network, the earthquake monitoring facilities and the environmental protection system for earthquake observation, the unified issuance system for earthquake prediction, the seismic safety evaluation system, the earthquake resistance system for construction projects, the earthquake disaster insurance system, the destructive earthquake emergency plan system, the record system, the earthquake situation and the earthquake situation. Disaster reporting and announcement system, earthquake disaster loss investigation and evaluation system, emergency response system, emergency expropriation system, post earthquake relief system, comprehensive reconstruction planning system for earthquake stricken areas and typical earthquake sites preservation system.

8. What are the administrative laws and regulations promulgated by the state regarding earthquake prevention and disaster reduction activities?

There are four parts: in February 11, 1995, the State Council Decree No. 172nd issued the "destructive earthquake emergency Ordinance"; in December 17, 1998, the State Council Decree No. 255th issued the "Regulations on earthquake prediction management"; in November 15, 2001, the State Council decree 323rd issued the "seismic safety evaluation management rule"; June 17, 2004, the State Council Decree No. 409th issued the "earthquake monitoring and management regulations".

9. What are the departmental rules and regulations concerning earthquake prevention and disaster reduction?

According to the administrative regulations of the State Council, China Earthquake Administration has drawn up a series of departmental rules, such as the "post earthquake earthquake trend determination notice" (China Earthquake Administration Order No. second, 1998). ), the provisions on administrative enforcement of Seismology (China Earthquake Administration Decree No. third, 1999), the provisions of the administrative reconsideration of earthquakes (China Earthquake Administration Order No. fourth, 1999), the provisions of the administrative law supervision on Earthquake Administration (No. fifth of the China Earthquake Administration, 2000), the provisions on procedures for the formulation of administrative rules for Earthquake Administration (sixth, 2000), and the seismic fortification of construction projects. Requirements for management "(China Earthquake Administration Order No. seventh, 2002)," seismic safety assessment qualification management measures "(China Earthquake Administration Order No. eighth, 2002). These departmental rules laid the foundation for the administration of earthquake prevention and disaster reduction according to law.

10. When will the regulations on earthquake prevention and disaster reduction in Yunnan be published?

The regulations on earthquake prevention and disaster reduction in Yunnan province were deliberated and promulgated by the tenth session of the Standing Committee of the ninth Yunnan Provincial People's Congress on 29 July 1999.

11, what are the government orders for earthquake prevention and disaster reduction in our province?

There are two: "Yunnan province construction site site seismic safety evaluation management regulations" (provincial government fifty-eighth decree, 1998) and "Yunnan earthquake key surveillance and defense area earthquake prevention and disaster reduction regulations" (provincial government 110th order, 2002).

12, what role can communities in cities play in earthquake prevention and disaster reduction?

As the community is close to the grass roots, close to the family and the masses, it is of great significance to do well in community defense, especially in formulating and publicizing earthquake emergency plans, building volunteer teams, and building a well prepared community. It is of great significance to enhance local people's awareness of earthquake preparedness and disaster reduction, enhance the ability of local defense against earthquake and reduce the losses caused by earthquake disasters.

13, what are the contents of community earthquake prevention and disaster reduction work?

The work system of earthquake prevention and disaster reduction is a systematic project which needs to mobilize all social forces to participate. Directly organized, led and commanded by the government, an effective working system with clear responsibilities, clear tasks and division of work and cooperation can be established, so that disaster prevention and early warning can be carried out before destructive earthquakes occur. As the basic unit of the city, the community should be familiar with and grasp the earthquake emergency plans formulated by their respective local governments, and at the same time, formulate the implementation plan for community earthquake preparedness and disaster reduction.

(1) investigate the basic situation of the community, and mark the key areas such as air and shelter, gas stations, substations and gas stations.

(2) formulate disaster prevention measures before the earthquake. It includes publicity and education on earthquake knowledge and knowledge of earthquake prevention and earthquake resistance, completes the storage of various equipment and materials for earthquake prevention and disaster prevention, and determines the evacuation places during the earthquake.

(3) formulate contingency plans for post earthquake. They include the establishment of a community command and Rescue Command Office, the organization of residents and volunteers to carry out rescue, rescue and evacuation work, do a good job in earthquake propaganda and reporting work, organize security personnel to cooperate with public security departments to maintain community order.

(4) after the devastating earthquake, special attention should be paid to preventing secondary disasters such as fire, gas leakage, short circuit of power supply system and pollution of water supply system.

14, want to know more about earthquake knowledge, earthquake culture, which website inquiries?

If you want to know more about earthquake knowledge, earthquake culture, expert answers, etc., you can visit "China Seismological Science Popularization website" at www.dizhen.ac.cn.

15, which website would like to know about the dynamics of Yunnan earthquake prevention and mitigation work and the popular science knowledge of earthquakes?

If you want to know the dynamics of earthquake prevention and disaster reduction in Yunnan and the popular science knowledge of earthquakes, you can visit the Yunnan earthquake prevention and disaster mitigation network. The website is www.eqyn.com